Employment law provides protection for workers against discrimination at work on the grounds of sex, pregnancy/maternity, gender reassignment, marriage or civil partnership, sexual orientation, religion or belief, race, disability, and the membership or non-membership of a trade union. The legislation is aimed at achieving equality in the workplace by eliminating less favourable treatment on these grounds.

Harassment can take different forms. For instance, sexual harassment in the workplace is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature or other conduct based on sex, which affects the dignity of a worker. It also occurs when someone engages in unwanted and offensive behaviour related to one of the listed grounds.